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Getting to Know the Body's Immune System: Definition, Components, & How It Works

 The immune system is the body's defense system to protect against various bad microorganisms that cause infection or disease. This system consists of various components and the way they work is complex.” Jakarta – The body's immune system plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health by carrying out a series of defense mechanisms, such as recognizing and responding to foreign objects. The foreign objects in question are pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, germs, parasites and fungi. Some of these pathogens cause disturbances and damage to a person's body. Want to know more about how the immune system works? Check out the following information! Understanding the Body's Immune System The immune system is the body's defense system against attacks by foreign substances. In fact, foreign substances not only come from outside the body, such as pathogens, but are also found inside the body. Foreign substances originating from within the body are dead cells or cells

Hypermenorrhea to watch out for

 “Hypermenorrhea causes excessive menstruation. If not treated immediately, this condition can trigger various potential health complications."

Thedoctormedical , united states – Hypermenorrhea is excessive or prolonged bleeding during menstruation. The causes vary, ranging from hormonal imbalances, uterine fibroids, polyps, adenomyosis, thickening of the uterus or other medical conditions.

You need to treat this condition immediately so that it doesn't cause complications. One of the biggest potential complications is anemia. There are also other potential complications that you need to be aware of!

Beware of Complications Due to Hypermenorrhea
The following are various potential complications:

1. Anemia

Heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding can cause a loss of iron levels in the body. Gradually, this condition can trigger anemia, which is a condition in which the body lacks healthy red blood cells.

Anemia can cause fatigue, weakness, dizziness, pale skin, and difficulty concentrating.

2. Disturbance of daily life

Hypermenorrhea can also interfere with daily life. This is because excessive and prolonged bleeding can cause physical discomfort, limit physical activity, interfere with sleep quality, and disrupt daily routines.

3. Impaired quality of life

Feelings of tiredness, physical discomfort, anxiety due to excessive bleeding can trigger emotional and social stress. This condition then interferes with the quality of life of a woman.

4. Nutritional deficiencies

Repeated excessive blood loss can lower the body's levels of iron and other important nutrients. Deficiencies in these nutrients can adversely affect health and various bodily functions.

5. Reproductive disorders

In some cases, hypermenorrhea can affect fertility and make it difficult for a woman to conceive. This condition can affect the normal function of the uterus and female reproductive tract.

6. Uncontrolled heavy bleeding

In rare cases, uncontrolled hypermenorrhea can cause severe bleeding that is life threatening. If the bleeding continues or cannot be stopped, seek emergency medical care immediately.

It is important to identify and treat hypermenorrhea appropriately to prevent potential complications as above. There are 5 conditions that indicate menstrual disorders that you need to know.

Hypermenorrhea Treatment Options

Treatment depends on the cause and severity of symptoms. Here are some treatment options that women can do:

1. Hormonal drugs

Doctors can prescribe hormonal drugs such as pills that contain progestin. These drugs can manage the menstrual cycle, reduce bleeding, and other symptoms.

2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

NSAIDs can reduce pain and bleeding during menstruation. This drug works by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins. These hormones can trigger uterine contractions and inflammation.

3. Other hormonal therapy

Apart from the contraceptive pill, there are other hormonal therapies that you can use to control hypermenorrhea, such as using a hormonal IUD or progesterone therapy.

4. Endometrial ablation

This procedure aims to destroy or remove the uterine lining. Its function is to reduce or stop excessive bleeding. The procedure can use electrical energy, laser, or other techniques.

5. Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is often a last resort if other treatments have not worked. The doctor will remove the entire uterus through this procedure to stop menstruation permanently.

6. Treat the UU that triggers it

Doctors need to treat the disease that triggers hypermenorrhea . Uterine fibroids or polyps are often the main cause of excessive menstruation.

The method can be removal of fibroids or polyps through a surgical procedure or using other methods such as uterine artery embolization.


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