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Getting to Know the Body's Immune System: Definition, Components, & How It Works

 The immune system is the body's defense system to protect against various bad microorganisms that cause infection or disease. This system consists of various components and the way they work is complex.” Jakarta – The body's immune system plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health by carrying out a series of defense mechanisms, such as recognizing and responding to foreign objects. The foreign objects in question are pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, germs, parasites and fungi. Some of these pathogens cause disturbances and damage to a person's body. Want to know more about how the immune system works? Check out the following information! Understanding the Body's Immune System The immune system is the body's defense system against attacks by foreign substances. In fact, foreign substances not only come from outside the body, such as pathogens, but are also found inside the body. Foreign substances originating from within the body are dead cells or cells

how to maintain kidney health

 "Kidneys are organs that have a very important function for the body because they filter blood from waste and dispose of it through urine. If there is a problem with the kidneys, it is not impossible that someone will experience serious health problems. Fortunately, there are many simple ways to maintain kidney function."

Thedoctormedical , united states- The kidneys are fist-sized organs located at the bottom of the ribs, on both sides of the spine. This organ has a function that is quite important for the body. The two kidneys function to filter waste products, excess water, and other impurities from the blood. These waste products are then stored in the bladder and then excreted in the urine.

In addition, the kidneys also regulate the levels of pH, salt, and potassium in the body. They also produce hormones that regulate blood pressure and control red blood cell production. The kidneys are also responsible for activating a form of vitamin D which helps the body absorb calcium to build bones and regulate muscle function.

Because of its very important function, maintaining kidney health is important for overall body health. By maintaining healthy kidneys, the body will filter and dispose of waste properly and produce hormones to help the body function properly.

Tips for Maintaining Kidney Health

Here are some tips to help maintain kidney health that you must follow:

Sufficient Water Needs

Drinking lots of fluids will help the kidneys function properly. If your urine is straw colored, or even darker, it may be a sign of dehydration. During hot weather, when traveling in hot countries or during strenuous exercise, you also need to drink more water than usual to replace fluids lost through sweating.

Eat Healthy Food

A balanced diet will ensure you get all the vitamins and minerals your body needs. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables, and whole grains like whole wheat pasta, bread and rice. Avoid eating too much salty or fatty foods.

Watch Blood Pressure

Check blood pressure regularly. High blood pressure has no symptoms, but it can increase your risk of kidney and heart problems. You can get a simple, fast and painless blood pressure check for free at the nearest health facility.

If blood pressure is higher than it should be, a general practitioner can suggest lifestyle changes or, if necessary, prescribe medication to lower blood pressure. The ideal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60 mmHg and 120/80 mmHg.

Don't smoke or drink alcohol in excess

Try to quit smoking completely and limit the amount of alcohol you drink. Both men and women are advised not to drink more than 14 units of alcohol a week on a regular basis. Drinking too much alcohol and smoking both increase blood pressure. High blood pressure is one of the most common causes of kidney disease.

Maintain Ideal Body Weight

Being too heavy or overweight raises blood pressure, which is bad for the kidneys. Try to maintain a healthy weight by staying active and not overeating.

Body mass index (BMI) is a useful way to check if you are at a healthy weight. You can use a healthy weight calculator to calculate BMI. Do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise, such as walking, cycling or swimming, every week to bring your weight back to ideal levels.


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