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Getting to Know the Body's Immune System: Definition, Components, & How It Works

 The immune system is the body's defense system to protect against various bad microorganisms that cause infection or disease. This system consists of various components and the way they work is complex.” Jakarta – The body's immune system plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health by carrying out a series of defense mechanisms, such as recognizing and responding to foreign objects. The foreign objects in question are pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, germs, parasites and fungi. Some of these pathogens cause disturbances and damage to a person's body. Want to know more about how the immune system works? Check out the following information! Understanding the Body's Immune System The immune system is the body's defense system against attacks by foreign substances. In fact, foreign substances not only come from outside the body, such as pathogens, but are also found inside the body. Foreign substances originating from within the body are dead cells or cells

causes of insomnia during pregnancy

 Insomnia can strike anyone, including pregnant women. However, what causes sleeplessness during pregnancy?

Difficulty sleeping or insomnia is the most common sleep problem experienced by pregnant women. In fact, this complaint of insomnia during pregnancy will increase with increasing gestational age.

When sleep deprived, this will certainly reduce energy, affect mood, and make pregnant women vulnerable to illness. To overcome this, it is important to know in advance why pregnant women have trouble sleeping and are restless. The following causes:

1. Hormonal Changes

During pregnancy, the body will experience physical changes. In addition, hormones in the body will also change. This can cause difficulty sleeping during the first trimester of pregnancy .

“Hormonal changes can trigger pregnant women to have difficulty sleeping. Mood changes, maybe you also become more anxious because your physical condition changes,” said dr. Adeline Jaclyn.

2. Enlarged Stomach

Maybe you are wondering, why do women who are 6 months pregnant have trouble sleeping? The cause of insomnia during pregnancy can be due to an enlarged stomach. Especially when entering the second trimester, a pregnant woman's stomach will get bigger every day.

Difficulty sleeping during the second trimester of pregnancy is due to the growth and movement of the baby in the womb.

3. Frequent urination

According to Doctor Adeline, the frequency of urinating at night will increase again in the third trimester. Not surprisingly, Mama finds it difficult to sleep during the third trimester of pregnancy because she has to urinate.

This happens because the change in the position of the fetus begins to put pressure on the bladder, so that pregnant women will feel the urge to urinate constantly. To avoid increasing the frequency of urination, it is recommended to limit drinking before going to bed.

4. Heatburn

During pregnancy, the question may arise, why is it difficult for pregnant women to sleep day and night?

The answer, maybe because you are experiencing heartburn or a burning sensation that is felt from the center of the chest and moves up to the throat. This condition can occur due to stomach acid disease .

5. Leg Cramps

Apart from body and hormonal changes, insomnia in pregnant women can also be caused by cramps in the leg area. This is because the leg muscles require pregnant women to support their body weight, which can cause cramps.

This is of course very disturbing and often makes it difficult for pregnant women to sleep at night.

6. Anxiety

Judging from the Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, the cause of late pregnancy is difficult to sleep maybe because you feel anxious before giving birth.

Although normal, it is important to improve sleep times during late pregnancy to reduce the risk of postpartum depression .

When you have trouble sleeping at night, maybe you are also wondering, can pregnant women sleep in the morning? What time can pregnant women sleep in the morning?

In fact, pregnant women need more hours of sleep, especially if they don't get enough sleep at night. For that, it's fine to fall asleep in the morning, as long as it's not too much.

It is important to remember, maintaining the quality and hours of sleep during pregnancy is the main thing that must be considered.

If insomnia during pregnancy is difficult to treat, don't hesitate to ask your doctor for help to get the right treatment. Don't let this sleep disorder drag on.


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