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Getting to Know the Body's Immune System: Definition, Components, & How It Works

 The immune system is the body's defense system to protect against various bad microorganisms that cause infection or disease. This system consists of various components and the way they work is complex.” Jakarta – The body's immune system plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health by carrying out a series of defense mechanisms, such as recognizing and responding to foreign objects. The foreign objects in question are pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, germs, parasites and fungi. Some of these pathogens cause disturbances and damage to a person's body. Want to know more about how the immune system works? Check out the following information! Understanding the Body's Immune System The immune system is the body's defense system against attacks by foreign substances. In fact, foreign substances not only come from outside the body, such as pathogens, but are also found inside the body. Foreign substances originating from within the body are dead cells or cells

7 Facts about diabetes

“Diabetes is a disease that often occurs and has claimed many lives. Awareness related to prevention, and proper management is essential to reduce the risk of complications and improve well-being for people with diabetes.”

Thedoctormedical, united states– Diabetes is a common disease in society. This diabetes can cause various other complications, such as erectile dysfunction.

However, there are several other facts about this disease that not many people know about. Knowing the facts can increase understanding of diabetes and aid in the prevention and management of this condition. Check out the explanation!

Facts About Diabetes You Must Know

Some revealing facts about diabetes that are still rarely known.

1. Not Only Happens to Parents

One common assumption is that diabetes only occurs in the elderly or those who are old. However, in reality, this disease can occur in anyone, including children and adolescents.

Type 1 diabetes, which usually occurs at a young age, involves a disorder of the immune system that causes the body's inability to produce enough insulin.

2. The difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Not all diabetes is the same. There are two main types of diabetes namely type 1 and type 2. Type 1 occurs due to damage to the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin, while type 2 occurs when the body does not effectively use insulin. Type 2 is usually associated with an unhealthy lifestyle, such as a poor diet and lack of physical activity.

3. Type 1 Diabetes Is Not Caused by Diet or Lifestyle

One fact that is often poorly understood is that type 1 diabetes is not the result of an unhealthy diet or lifestyle.

Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas.

This is because genetic and immunological factors play a role in the development of this disease, not solely due to behavioral or dietary factors.

4. Influential Genetic Factors

In addition to lifestyle, genetic factors also play a role in the risk of developing diabetes. If there is a history of diabetes in the family, a person has a higher chance of getting this disease.

However, this does not mean that diabetes is an inevitable destiny. With a healthy lifestyle and attention to risk factors, a person can reduce their risk of developing diabetes.

5. Affects Various Organs of the Body

In addition to its effect on blood sugar levels, diabetes can also affect various other organs of the body. This disease can cause damage to the eyes (diabetic retinopathy), kidneys (diabetic nephropathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy), and heart (coronary heart disease). Therefore, it is important for sufferers to maintain good management and visit the doctor regularly to monitor their condition.

6. Prevention with Lifestyle Changes

Although diabetes is a chronic disease, many cases of type 2 diabetes can be prevented with healthy lifestyle changes. Adopting a balanced diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can reduce the risk.

7. Diabetes Can Cause Several Complications

Except for gestational diabetes, diabetes is a chronic disease that requires intensive care, because it is difficult to fully recover. The effect can affect almost all parts of the body. In addition, it can also cause other serious illnesses, even life-threatening.

Some complications that can occur include eye problems and blindness, heart disease, stroke , nervous system problems, loss of limbs, kidney disease, and even death. Therefore, it is important to prevent it before it becomes a serious complication.

World Diabetes Day is a moment of opportunity for people to work together to raise awareness regarding the prevention and management of diabetes.

A healthy lifestyle, monitoring blood glucose, and access to the right treatment are important keys in the treatment of this disease.

World Diabetes Day also provides an opportunity for doctors and researchers to share knowledge and the latest research results to find innovative solutions in managing this disease.


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