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Getting to Know the Body's Immune System: Definition, Components, & How It Works

 The immune system is the body's defense system to protect against various bad microorganisms that cause infection or disease. This system consists of various components and the way they work is complex.” Jakarta – The body's immune system plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health by carrying out a series of defense mechanisms, such as recognizing and responding to foreign objects. The foreign objects in question are pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, germs, parasites and fungi. Some of these pathogens cause disturbances and damage to a person's body. Want to know more about how the immune system works? Check out the following information! Understanding the Body's Immune System The immune system is the body's defense system against attacks by foreign substances. In fact, foreign substances not only come from outside the body, such as pathogens, but are also found inside the body. Foreign substances originating from within the body are dead cells or cells

the dangers of sleep deprivation

Thedoctormedical , united states - To support the growth of a child's body , sleep is as important as nutrition and exercise. It is undeniable that sleep has a very large role for the health, development and well-being of children. Adequate sleep will help children stay healthy, grow, learn, and do well in school. Physically, sleep will help restore their bodies, improve brain function and mental health.

Children of all ages need enough sleep so they can play, study and concentrate all day long. Mothers should not let children sleep less, because this will have a big impact on children, both behaviorally, mentally and emotionally. Most children don't get enough sleep because they are often busy with school, study, sports and other activities, therefore mothers must also prioritize sleep needs for children.

Bad Effects of Sleep Deprived Children

Sleep deprivation problems in children are some of the most common problems faced by parents. If children do not get enough sleep over a period of time, the following behavioral, cognitive (mental), and emotional symptoms may occur:

Daytime sleepiness
Problems with studying and socializing.
Irritable and often looks gloomy.
Shorter attention span.
Lack of concentration and focus.
Forget more.
Decreased academic ability.
Lack of interest and motivation.
Difficulty learning new information.
Difficulty regulating emotions.
Increased emotional problems.
The immune system is reduced.
Worse memory.
Impulsivity increase.
The risk of accidents, such as falling, is higher.
Increased stress.
Higher rates of obesity.
Mental health decline.

So, how long should children sleep?

The recommended hours of sleep per night can vary depending on age. Every child can have different sleep needs, so take the time to find out what works best for your child. However, in general, these are children's sleep needs according to their age:

0–11 months: 14 to 18 hours per day.
1–2 years: 10 to 14 hours per day.
3–5 years: 10 to 13 hours per day.
6–13 years: 9 to 11 hours per day.
14–18 years: 8 to 9 hours per day.
In addition, there are many things parents can do to help their child get as much good quality sleep as possible, for example:

Invite children to exercise or do physical activities outdoors during the day.
Turn off gadgets at least 30 minutes before going to bed.
Talk to your child about the importance of getting enough sleep and tell them about the bad effects that will happen.
Help them make sleep a priority and Make sure they get enough sleep according to their age.
Set a regular bedtime and wake-up time and help them stick with it.
Develop a regular bedtime routine, such as bathing, brushing your teeth, then reading or meditating.
Create a good sleeping environment, make the room darker, cooler, quieter and without gadgets.
Avoid sugary foods and drinks a few hours before bedtime to help them rest more easily


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