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Getting to Know the Body's Immune System: Definition, Components, & How It Works

 The immune system is the body's defense system to protect against various bad microorganisms that cause infection or disease. This system consists of various components and the way they work is complex.” Jakarta – The body's immune system plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health by carrying out a series of defense mechanisms, such as recognizing and responding to foreign objects. The foreign objects in question are pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, germs, parasites and fungi. Some of these pathogens cause disturbances and damage to a person's body. Want to know more about how the immune system works? Check out the following information! Understanding the Body's Immune System The immune system is the body's defense system against attacks by foreign substances. In fact, foreign substances not only come from outside the body, such as pathogens, but are also found inside the body. Foreign substances originating from within the body are dead cells or cells

signs of excess blood sugar

“There are a number of signs that can indicate that a person has excess blood sugar. For example, such as feeling hungry easily, slower body movements, to the emergence of pain in the legs.

Thedoctormedical , united states – Normal blood sugar levels are around 70-100 mg/dL before eating. Whereas after eating it should be less than 180mg/dL. If blood sugar levels exceed normal levels in general, a person experiences what is called hyperglycemia. 

You should not underestimate this condition. This is because high blood sugar levels are the main cause of diabetes. In order to anticipate it from the start, it's important to know what are the signs of excess blood sugar.

How to know High Blood Sugar?

It's best to pay attention to some of the signs that indicate someone has excess blood sugar, namely:

1. Easily Hungry

Basically, the condition of type 1 and 2 diabetes can both mess up glucose levels. Experts say, this is what can cause a cycle of hunger when the body is trying to return blood sugar levels to normal conditions.

Low glucose levels can indeed make a person's appetite increase, but so can high blood sugar levels. A person will find it difficult to feel full when their blood sugar levels soar.

2. Slower Body Movement

Do you often feel that your body is slower than usual? If you experience this condition often, it could be a sign of high blood sugar levels. This high blood sugar causes insulin spikes which cause various problems in the body. One of them, energy becomes unstable.

When your body consumes too much sugar, your blood sugar level will also be higher, so that energy ebbs and flows.

3. Problem Skin

High blood sugar levels can also cause a series of problems for the skin. According to experts from the Washington Institute of Dermatologic Laser Surgery , USA , some people have different sensitivity to insulin spikes.

Well, this surge in insulin triggers other hormones that can cause skin problems. The simplest example is the growth of pimples.

4. Cravings for Sweet Foods

If you find it difficult to stop when you are consuming sweet foods or drinks, don't be surprised. The explanation in the book The Sugar Detox: Lose Weight, Feel Great and Look Years Younger, shows that the more sugar you consume, the more you will want to consume it.

This condition occurs due to a lack of blood sugar or a person's appetite. However, sweet foods can make a person addicted because of the content contained in them.

5. Easily Tired

Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of high blood sugar. In people with diabetes, this condition has another name diabetic fatigue. Many people with the condition feel tired all the time regardless of how well they sleep, how healthy they eat, or how much they regularly exercise.

6. Significant Weight Loss

Weight loss that is not the result of another health condition or special diet can be a symptom of high blood sugar. This condition can occur due to sugar that remains in the blood, but the body does not get the fuel the body needs.

As a result, the body begins to burn fat and muscle for energy. In the end, this condition can cause significant weight loss for no apparent reason.

7. Blurred Vision

The next sign of high blood sugar levels is a decrease in visual acuity. The reason, high blood sugar levels can make the lens in the eye swell.

As a result, vision becomes unable to focus. In addition, blurry vision can also occur as a result of damage to the blood vessels and nerves in the eye due to high blood sugar.

8. Old Wounds to Heal

High blood sugar levels can cause wound healing to be hampered. Because high blood sugar levels can cause damage to nerves and blood vessels. This condition disrupts blood circulation in the body.

Therefore, it is important for everyone to monitor and check blood sugar levels regularly. Because, this is one of the most important things that anyone can do.

9. Pain in the Legs

The next sign of high blood sugar levels is pain in the legs. This is because high blood sugar levels can cause long-term damage to the nerves throughout the body.

This condition is diabetic neuropathy. Well, actually nerve damage can occur in the nerves of any part of the body. However, the nerves of the feet are the most commonly affected areas of the body.

Because the process of pumping blood from the feet to the heart is more difficult than other parts of the body. Symptoms of high blood sugar are characterized by tingling, pain, or numb feet.

Things You Need To Do
If you experience signs of excess blood sugar, immediately check your blood sugar to make sure. In addition, in some cases increased glucose can also cause symptoms such as:

Skin and vaginal infections;
Nerve damage that causes increased skin sensitivity, especially on the feet;
Digestive and stomach disorders, such as diarrhea or chronic constipation;
Wounds that are difficult to heal or take a long time.
If you have a family history of diabetes, adjust your diet to prevent blood sugar from rising because you have a higher risk of diabetes than other people.

How to Overcome High Blood Sugar

Treatment of hyperglycemia or high sugar levels will depend on various factors. One of them is how long and how often the sufferer experiences attacks and how severe the hyperglycemia is.

In addition, age, overall health, and cognitive function are also important aspects of the assessment. So, here are some treatment options that doctors can recommend to treat high blood sugar:

1. Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle management is the most important factor in treating hyperglycemia. The key to lifestyle modification is getting support and being consistent. So, here are lifestyle changes that people with hyperglycemia can do:

Consume more water to help get rid of excess glucose and prevent dehydration.
Adopt a healthy diet by increasing consumption of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
Limit or avoid consumption of fatty foods. Also make sure to limit consumption of foods that are high in sugar or carbohydrates.
Regular exercise with a minimum duration of 30 minutes a day or 150 minutes per week. This is because exercise is beneficial in helping to lower blood sugar by using excess glucose as energy

2. Use of Drugs

If lifestyle changes don't produce optimal results, doctors can give drugs such as metformin to lower blood sugar levels. If the use of drugs is still not able to control blood sugar levels, the doctor will give insulin injections. The chances of successful treatment will also be higher if high blood sugar levels are detected early.

That's an explanation of the signs that you have excess blood sugar. If you experience it, immediately check your blood sugar levels and discuss with your doctor. Handling according to severity can certainly minimize the risk of serious complications.


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