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Getting to Know the Body's Immune System: Definition, Components, & How It Works

 The immune system is the body's defense system to protect against various bad microorganisms that cause infection or disease. This system consists of various components and the way they work is complex.” Jakarta – The body's immune system plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health by carrying out a series of defense mechanisms, such as recognizing and responding to foreign objects. The foreign objects in question are pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, germs, parasites and fungi. Some of these pathogens cause disturbances and damage to a person's body. Want to know more about how the immune system works? Check out the following information! Understanding the Body's Immune System The immune system is the body's defense system against attacks by foreign substances. In fact, foreign substances not only come from outside the body, such as pathogens, but are also found inside the body. Foreign substances originating from within the body are dead cells or cells

7 Ways to Take Care of Testicular Function in Male Reproduction

“Optimal testicular function has a close relationship with how to care for it. For example, keeping the testicles clean by bathing regularly, checking the condition of the testicles independently, and wearing protection when having sex."

Thedoctormedical, united states – The testes are the male reproductive organs with an oval shape. This organ is located inside a pouch of skin called the scrotum, which hangs on the front side of the pelvic area near the upper thigh.

In general, men have testes that are about 5 centimeters in size. This organ will grow in the early puberty phase, from the age of 10 to 13 years. As it grows, the scrotum that covers the testicles will turn darker in color, start to appear hair, and look hanging down.

What are the Functions of the Testicles?

The organs that make up the male reproductive system are the testes, epididymis, vas deferens, accessory glands such as the seminal vesicles and prostate gland, and the penis. Each of these organs certainly has its own function and important role.

The testicles themselves have an important function in supporting the male reproductive system . The functions are:

1. Make and store sperm

Its main function is to make and store sperm cells every day. These sperm cells will then fertilize the egg during sexual intercourse, precisely when a man ejaculates.

2. Produce hormones

In addition, this organ also has the function of producing male hormones or the so-called androgen hormones. This one hormone has an equally important role related to male reproduction and sexual function.

Testosterone is the most dominant and active type of androgen hormone. This hormone acts as an increase in libido or sexual desire, forms bone and muscle mass, as well as energy levels and body metabolism.

Not only that, there are also several other things related to parts of the male reproductive system that you should understand, including:

The testicles are unequal in size on the right and left. The right side is usually bigger than the left.
When the temperature is low or cold, the scrotum will appear smaller and loose again when the temperature starts to warm.
Healthy and normal testicles will look smooth and no lumps or lumps will be visible.

Health Problems That Can Interfere with Testicular Function

The testicles are in the scrotum which hangs on the outside of the body. This means, the organ has no protection from the bones and muscles. Therefore, this part becomes more vulnerable to being hit, kicked, or crushed. No wonder men often experience testicular injuries when exercising.

Abnormalities in testicular function appear with symptoms in the form of pain and swelling of the testicles. Not only injuries, problems with the testicles can also occur due to the following conditions.

Varicocele, a condition when the veins swell.
Sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia.
Hydrocele , fluid buildup in the area surrounding the testicles.
Orchitis, inflammation of the testicles due to a viral or bacterial infection.
Testicular torsion, a condition when the testicles are twisted.
Testicular cancer .
Abnormalities in this organ cannot be underestimated, because it can cause serious problems. These include sexual dysfunction, hormonal disorders, and infertility.

How to Take Care of Testicular Function
The testicles are located on the underside of the penis, but are enclosed in the scrotum. As with the testicles, the scrotum also has an important role and is prone to a number of health problems

Every male generally has two testicles that are next to each other. This organ is connected to the body through the spermatic cord canal which contains nerves and blood vessels.

The spermatic cord also contains the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm to the penis, so they can leave the body in semen. The function of this organ in the male reproductive system is also influenced by how to care for it. Here's how to care for the testicles so that they always function properly:

1. Do a testicular self-examination every month

Examine the testicles with your finger. If there is a lump or swelling in each testicle in the scrotum, immediately do an independent examination. This step is to detect abnormalities early, such as cancer. As for how to do an examination of this organ yourself, namely:

Do it after bathing, when the skin of the scrotum is most relaxed.
Keep the penis away from the testicles.
Gently roll each testicle with your fingers, one at a time.
Check for any hard lumps, nodules or abnormalities, including changes in testicle size or shape. If you find anything suspicious, see a doctor immediately .

2. Bathe regularly

Bathing every day is a way of maintaining overall cleanliness, including the entire genital area. Proper self-cleaning can reduce the risk of infection causing other complications. However, make sure the penis and scrotum area are dry after bathing. This is because the area will be a breeding ground for bacteria if it is damp.

3. Wear protection when having sex

Instead, use a condom when engaging in sexual activity that involves the penis. This method can prevent attacks of sexually transmitted diseases in the scrotum and testicles.

4. Quit smoking

Smoking is a major cause of several urological conditions, including cancer of the bladder, kidney and prostate. Studies show a close relationship between smoking and testicular cancer. In addition, cigarette smoke also contains a dangerous carcinogen (arsenic), which is associated with several types of cancer when exposed to high levels.

Other studies have also shown a link between marijuana smoking and testicular cancer. In addition, smoking also has a negative impact on the number and movement of sperm. So, you should immediately stop smoking (all types of cigarettes), if you want the function of this organ to remain optimal.

5. Consume foods that are rich in antioxidants

Male infertility conditions can develop as a result of oxidative stress. Unfortunately, testicular tissue and the male reproductive system are highly susceptible to oxidative stress.

However, you can prevent this by consuming foods that contain lots of antioxidants. This is because antioxidants can break down oxidative reactions caused by free radicals. In addition, foods rich in antioxidants are also beneficial for increasing sperm production.

6. Wear clothes that are loose and comfortable

As much as possible, avoid wearing jeans too often. Especially if these pants tend to be tighter in the groin area. It's the same if you choose underwear. Make sure to choose the right pants to support the testicular area, penis and buttocks.

The use of loose pants will indirectly help protect the scrotum from injury, keep the scrotal temperature safe, and of course maintain optimal function of the male reproductive organs.

7. Limit the use of warm water

Also, you should not take a bath with warm water too often. This is because warm water can make the temperature of the testicles increase. Supposedly, this organ has a lower temperature than normal body temperature. This is why, avoid too many hot baths or baths to keep them healthy.

If you feel any unusual symptoms and there is a significant change in size in this organ, immediately do an examination to the doctor. Early treatment can help prevent serious complications. Contact the doctor at Halodoc to get treatment.


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