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Getting to Know the Body's Immune System: Definition, Components, & How It Works

 The immune system is the body's defense system to protect against various bad microorganisms that cause infection or disease. This system consists of various components and the way they work is complex.” Jakarta – The body's immune system plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health by carrying out a series of defense mechanisms, such as recognizing and responding to foreign objects. The foreign objects in question are pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, germs, parasites and fungi. Some of these pathogens cause disturbances and damage to a person's body. Want to know more about how the immune system works? Check out the following information! Understanding the Body's Immune System The immune system is the body's defense system against attacks by foreign substances. In fact, foreign substances not only come from outside the body, such as pathogens, but are also found inside the body. Foreign substances originating from within the body are dead cells or cells

18 Benefits of Consuming Green Tea

"There are many health benefits of green tea, from losing weight to preventing heart disease. Find out about other benefits here."

Green tea, also known as  green tea  , is one of the most popular types of drink in the world. In fact, green tea is made from the leaves of the  Camellia sinensis plant , the same ingredient that makes black tea and oolong tea.

Although most teas are made from the same plant, the green tea processing method is healthier. Not surprisingly, there are many  health benefits of green tea  . Then, what are the benefits of green tea?

1. Contains High Antioxidants

Dr. explained Nitish Basant Adnani, BMedSc,. MSc, green tea has a high concentration of catechins.

"Catechins are bioactive compounds known as flavonoids. This compound is a high antioxidant that is effective in reducing the potential for oxidative stress caused by free radicals," he said.

2. Lose Weight

Besides being able to quench thirst, it turns out that there are also benefits of green tea for weight loss. However, the benefits of green tea for this diet can only be obtained when you brew it with hot water, without added sugar.

Not only that, this drink also does not contain fat, carbohydrates, protein, and even calories.

This is also proven by research conducted in the Journal of Clinical Nutrition, consuming high doses of green tea extract for 12 weeks can result in significant weight loss.

3. Increases Fat Burning

Based on Phytotherapy Research, the content of green tea such as catechins and caffeine can speed up the rate of metabolism and fat burning. The benefits of drinking green tea can also support weight loss.

The caffeine in green tea can also improve physical performance, where it will help the fatty acids in the body to be used as energy.

4. Slows Cancer Progressivity

The benefits of drinking green tea can also slow down the progression of cancer. The antioxidants contained in green tea can protect the body against oxidative damage.

Oxidative damage can cause chronic inflammation, thus  triggering the occurrence of cancer , be it  breast cancer ,  prostate cancer , to  colorectal cancer .

To get the benefits of green tea on this one, avoid adding milk to the tea. You see, milk can reduce the value of antioxidants in tea.

5. Treating Acne

Green tea has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties which are effective for  treating acne  and oily skin.

The polyphenol content in green tea can reduce sebum secretion when applied directly to the skin. This can prevent clogging of facial pores and the appearance of pimples.

6. Maintain Heart Health

The benefits of green tea for health are that it can maintain heart health. The content of green tea can reduce levels of fat in the body and keep blood pressure stable.

In addition, the benefits of drinking green tea in the morning can also increase blood antioxidant capacity. So, in this case green tea serves to protect LDL particles (bad cholesterol) from oxidation, so it can  prevent heart disease .

7. Lowering Cholesterol Levels

There are benefits of green tea for cholesterol. Quoted from  the Nutrition Journal ,  green tea  can   significantly reduce bad cholesterol (LDL).

This benefit is obtained thanks to the antioxidant content in green tea. What's more, green tea is less processed, so its antioxidant content is very high.

8. Prevent Type-2 Diabetes

The use of green tea can also  prevent type-2 diabetes . This one disease is caused by increased sugar levels due to insulin resistance or the body's inability to produce insulin.

Based on  The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , green tea can increase insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels.

9. Maintain Cognitive Ability

One of the benefits of drinking green tea is that it can help maintain cognitive abilities. This is thanks to the caffeine content in green tea which acts as a stimulant.

Caffeine can help improve brain performance, so that cognitive function becomes better.

10. Protects the Brain from Aging

In addition to improving brain function, the benefits of green tea for adult men and women can also protect the brain from aging.

As people age,  Alzheimer's  and  Parkinson's diseases  are common problems in older adults.

However, the effect of catechin compounds in green tea can have a protective effect on neurons, thereby  reducing the risk of dementia

11. Reduce Bad Breath

bad breath
The content of catechins in green tea is also beneficial for oral health. This compound suppresses the growth of the  Streptococcus mutans bacteria , which causes plaque and cavities to form.

Plaque buildup in the mouth can trigger bad breath. Because catechins can fight bacteria in the mouth, drinking green tea can  prevent bad breath .

12. Make Sleep Better

People  with insomnia  often have difficulty sleeping. But don't worry, because there are benefits of drinking green tea before going to bed.

The content of  L-theanine , a natural chemical in green tea has anti-stress properties, so it can help improve sleep quality.

Even though green tea contains caffeine, it's not too high, so it won't make you feel anxious and alert.

13. Reducing the Risk of Lung Disease

Apparently, there are also benefits of green tea for the lungs. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of green tea can help reduce  the risk of lung cancer .

In fact, several studies have also proven that consuming green tea can reduce the risk of  chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)  or long-lasting lung inflammation.

14. Makes the Body More Relaxed

Quoted from the Indonesian Ministry of Health, drinking warm green tea can help the body feel more relaxed.

The content of  L-theanine  in green tea can provide a calming effect. Therefore, the body will become more relaxed after drinking this one drink.

15. Improves Mood

Are you having a bad day? Don't worry, try consuming green tea to help improve your mood.

The content of  L-theanine  in green tea can increase dopamine in the body, so it can improve mood. In addition, this compound can also inhibit the activity of neurons which often have the effect of anxiety.

16. Reduces Skin Irritation

The anti-inflammatory properties in green tea can help reduce skin irritation. This one benefit comes from the high polyphenol content of green tea.

Even applying green tea to the skin can also help with skin redness, soothe sunburns, and deal with minor cuts.

Not infrequently, green tea that is used topically is also an effective remedy in treating various dermatological conditions, such as  psoriasis , dermatitis, and  rosacea .

17. Moisturizing Skin

Green tea contains a number of vitamins in it, one of which is vitamin E which can provide nutrition while moisturizing the skin.

The use of green tea applied directly to the skin is proven to increase skin moisture and reduce symptoms of rough and scaly skin.

18. Helps Extend Life

A number of compounds in green tea have been shown to protect against cancer and heart disease. That way, consuming green tea regularly can help you live longer.

Even though green tea has a myriad of health benefits, it is better to consume green tea while adopting a healthy lifestyle. #Take care of your health by managing your diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding stress.


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